Diabetes Specialist

Matthew J. Markey, M.D., P.A.

Internal Medicine & Internal Medicine located in Cumming, GA

Managing type 1 and type 2 diabetes requires the guidance of a knowledgeable physician. At his Cumming, Georgia, internal medicine practice, Matthew J. Markey, MD, PA, offers comprehensive diabetes testing and treatment services, including insulin injections and routine blood tests, to ensure your blood sugar is well-controlled. Learn more about successfully managing diabetes to prevent future health complications by scheduling an appointment online or by phone.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects your body’s ability to process sugar, impacting your blood glucose levels. The two primary types of diabetes are:

  • Type 1: your body doesn’t produce the insulin necessary for converting blood glucose into energy for your cells
  • Type 2: your body produces too little insulin or doesn’t use the insulin it produces effectively

Both types of diabetes result in continuous high levels of blood sugar, which can lead to long-term health complications, including nerve damage and kidney failure.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

In addition to high blood sugar levels, you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Irritability
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Unexplained weight loss

People with diabetes also frequently experience excessive thirst or hunger.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

If you show signs of diabetes or have a family history of the condition, Dr. Markey may perform routine health screenings to identify diabetes early.

A blood test can determine if your blood sugar levels are in ranges consistent with diabetes. The test can also identify prediabetes, a condition where your blood sugar levels are elevated but not high enough for you to be considered diabetic.

What treatments are available for diabetes?

Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you need to test your blood sugar levels daily. Fingerstick tests are a simple and effective way to monitor your blood sugar at home.

If you have type 1 diabetes, you also need to take daily insulin medications, either orally or by injection, to control your blood sugar.

For type 2 and prediabetes, Dr. Markey may initially recommend lifestyle changes to reduce your blood sugar levels without medication. These changes may include:

  • Getting adequate exercise
  • Eating a well-balanced diet
  • Maintaining a healthy weight

If these changes aren’t enough to control your blood sugar, you may need to take prescription medication to either stimulate your body to produce more insulin or reduce the amount of glucose your liver releases into your bloodstream.

Dr. Markey can determine the best course of treatment based on your medical history, family history, and the severity of your diabetes.

Learn more about managing diabetes by calling the office directly or booking an appointment online.